Hass avocado is a large berry containing a single seed known as a "stone" or "pit" that makes up 80% of all avocados grown in the world.
The Hass avocado is a cultivar of avocado with dark green–colored, bumpy skin. It was first grown and sold by Southern California mail carrier Rudolph Hass, who also gave it its name. The fruit has since become one of the most popular varieties worldwide.
The ripe & ready-to-eat fruit has purplish black skin that yields to gentle pressure when squeezed. You can possibly grow an avocado tree from the pit of an avocado fruit, or purchase one. While you can probably expect to see your first fruit 3-4 years after planting the purchased tree, If you grow it from seed, it can take anywhere from 5 to 13 years before the tree is mature enough to set fruit.
Of all the varieties grown in the world there is one that stands out: the Hass avocado !
This tropical fruit is a large-sized fruit weighing 200–300 grams. Its trees have high yields compared to other varieties.
Most Hass trees bloom twice a year and occasionally there is a third bloom. Hass trees can grow from 15 to 30 feet tall.
The Hass variety has been by far the most popular in Morocco, representing 80% of the total avocado production. The rest is represented byFuerte and Pinkerton varieties (Bacon and Zutano).
Morocco’s mild climate conditions seem to suit the avocado trees quite favorably which makes it one of the few countries in northern Africa which can produce Hass avocados for 6 to 7 months in a row.
The ideal soil for Hass avocado trees is loose and loamy or sandy, with a pH level no higher than 6.5 which makes the North Moroccan’s soil the perfect location for avocado cultivation.
Furthermore, the Hass avocado trees are interesting because they have both male and female parts on the same tree meaning that they are self-pollinating.
The lifespan of an average tree is several decades and like all avocados, Hass avocados ripen only once they are picked from the tree and they can be left on the tree for several months after the fruit has matured.
Now that we’ve identified the most popular type of Moroccan avocado, let’s discover the second type which is the Fuerte Avocado.